Uganda is a country nestled in the heart of Africa of the equator and is one of the most scenic and diverse countries in Africa with an expansive montage of tribe and cultures. Also known as the “Pearl of Africa”, Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa with outstanding landscape and fantastic scenery which leaves many travelers captivated by it’s beauty.

The Land

Uganda is situated on the East African plateau mostly lying between latitudes 4 degrees north and 2 degrees south, Longitudes 29 degrees west and 35 degrees east. It averages about 1,100metres above sea level which slopes steadily downwards to the Sudanese plain in the north.

Much of the south is not well drained, with the centre being dominated by Lake Kyoga which is surrounded by extensive marsh lands. Uganda lies almost entirely within the Nile basin.

The White Nile drains from Lake Victoria into Lake Kyoga and then into Lake Albert on the Congo border then running northwards into Sothern Sudan. A small area on the eastern edge of Uganda is drained by the Turkwel River part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana.

Fantastic Scenery

Uganda has a variety of rare wildlife and has more than thousand species of birds, representing 10% of the world’s bird population found in ideal quiet and peaceful places.

Two of the country’s ten national parks namely; Bwindi Impenetrable national park in the south west and Kidepo national park in the north east have been ranked among the top five national parks to visit in Africa by CNN travel magazine.

The national parks boast of amongst others rare species of flora and fauna as well as mammals. Uganda is home to more than half of the worlds remaining mountain gorillas – the rarest species globally.

Beyond the wildlife, the country has got unique landscapes, mountains, various waters falls and rapids which among others offers spectacular and world class rafting, hiking, mountaineering and lots of other tourist experiences.

The country is also home to the largest free – standing volcano mountain Elgon and the source of the rive Nile which is the world’s longest river.

It is certain that across the breadth of Africa and the world, there is no place like Uganda – the pearl of Africa.

Author

Munyirwa Osman Ganja