Uganda which is sometimes referred to as pearl of Africa experiences a tropical climate and the south of the country experiences more tropical climate than the north. As for it’s capital Kampala in the south, it’s climate is slightly milder due to it’s location near Lake Victoria which is Africa’s largest fresh water lake.
Uganda does not have winter or summer seasons but has dry and wet seasons. More so Uganda has got a raised topography thus the cool climate. However areas at high altitude above 1300m like the gorilla parks get considerably colder for every 1000m you climb. Murchison falls and Kidepo valley national parks situated in the north are warm during day with average temperature of about 32 degrees Celsius. Therefore in the general the average temperature of this beautiful country “Uganda” is 21 degrees Celsius which drops at night to about 16 degrees Celsius.
The south of Uganda has 2 dry seasons; June to September and December to February. In this season the south has 2 driest months ( July and June) but it can still rain and also have average temperatures. Unlike the south, these months are part of the wet seasons in the north. Far northeast in the Kidepo Valley national park is semi-arid area and sometimes it can experience drought during some years.
In December to February most of the south has less rainfall but better compared to June and July and during this time there is average temperatures about 28 degrees Celsius in the afternoon and drops to about 16 degrees Celsius in the morning. At this point the north has a clear dry clear dry season with little or no rainfall.
January and February are considered to be the hottest months in the year calendar with average temperature ranging between 24 degrees Celsius to 33 degrees Celsius with the peak of up to 40 degrees Celsius in the far North.
At the fall of the dry season comes in a wet season. The season is from mid – March to end of May and from mid-September to November. From March to May there are more rainfalls throughout the country with a clear peak in April in the south side of the country but this doesn’t stop sun shining in some days.
In this very season rains make travel a little bit difficult hence becoming a challenge to navigate on the dirty roads in some of the national parks and in forest trails but surprisingly the temperatures are average, dropping in the morning to about 16 degrees Celsius and rising in the afternoon to about 26 degrees Celsius.
September to November is comparable to March up to May although on average and there is a bit less rains. The north including Murchison falls and Kidepo Valley has one continuous wet season from March to November.
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Osman Munyirwa Ganja